Keynes famously used an allegory of a beauty contest to describe how markets behave in the short term. He posed the question of how you should go about betting on the outcome of a beauty contest. To be successful, you should not bet on who you think is the most beautiful contestant but those who you think the judges will consider to be the most beautiful. His point is subtle but distinct.

James Montier at GMO recently highlighted some apparent inconsistencies in the results of the Merrill Lynch Fund Manager Survey. He points out that a significant majority of fund managers now believe the US market to be overvalued,